What is Myofascial Pain Disorder?
Myofascial Pain Disorder, which is one of the most common causes of acute and chronic pain, refers to pain and inflammation in the body’s soft tissues. Myofascial Pain Disorder may involve either a single muscle or a muscle group. The pain associated with Myofascial Pain Disorder centers around sensitive points in your muscles called trigger points. The trigger points in your muscles can be painful when touched and the pain can spread throughout the affected muscle. Myofascial Pain Disorder has been linked to many types of pain including migraine headaches, jaw pain, severe neck pain, back pain, pelvic pain, arm pain and leg pain.
What are the symptoms of Myofascial Pain Disorder?
Signs and symptoms of Myofascial Pain Disorder may include:
- Deep, aching pain in a muscle
- Pain that persists or worsens
- Muscle stiffness
- Joint stiffness near the affected muscle
- Difficulty sleeping due to pain
- Area of tension in your muscle that may feel like a knot, tight spot, or may be particularly sensitive to touch
What causes the Myofascial Pain Disorder?
Sensitive areas of tight fibers can form in your muscles after injuries or overuse. These sensitive areas are called trigger points. A trigger point in a muscle can cause strain and pain throughout the muscle. When the pain persists and worsens doctors call it Myofascial Pain Disorder.
What are the risk factors for Myofascial Pain Disorder?
Factors that may increase your risk for Myofascial Pain Disorder include:
Muscle injury - stress on your muscles can cause trigger points to form causing Myofascial Pain Disorder.
Inactivity - if you have ever been unable to use a muscle, such as after surgery or after a stroke, you may experience trigger points in your muscles during recovery which can lead to Myofascial Pain Disorder.
Stress and anxiety - people who frequently experience stress and anxiety may be more likely to develop trigger points in their muscles which can lead to Myofascial Pain Disorder.
Age - Myofascial Pain Disorder is more common in middle-aged adults.
Gender - women are more likely to experience Myofascial Pain Disorder than men.
Are there any complications associated with Myofascial Pain Disorder?
Myofascial Pain Disorder can lead to other complications over time. These complications include:
Muscle weakness - can occur over time due to inactivity.
Sleep problems - the symptoms of Myofascial Pain Disorder may make it difficult to find a comfortable sleep position.
Fibromyalgia - some research suggests that Myofascial Pain Disorder may develop into fibromyalgia in some people.
What are myofascial pain treatment options?
At Southeast Pain and Spine Care, we customize our myofascial pain treatment options to fit our patient’s needs. Discuss your options and treatment preferences with your pain management doctor. Sometimes more than one approach is necessary to achieve optimal pain relief. Myofascial pain treatment options include:
- Physical therapy
- Trigger point injection therapy
For additional information on Myofascial Pain Disorder, please call Southeast Pain and Spine Care to schedule an appointment with one of our pain management doctors.